Fire Cider: Myth or Miracle Immunity-Boosting Tonic? – Healthline


As preventive well being good points reputation, an increasing number of individuals search for pure treatments that may strengthen their immune techniques and shield them from sickness.

Fireplace cider is a well-liked but controversial tonic. It’s utilized in various drugs to spice up immunity and battle colds, although skeptics argue that it’s nothing greater than a spicy concoction.

As such, it’s possible you’ll surprise if it’s even value attempting.

This text discusses fireplace cider, together with its well being claims and whether or not science backs them up.

Fireplace cider is a spicy tonic used to forestall and deal with colds by supposedly boosting your immune system. It’s additionally claimed to enhance blood circulation and digestion, amongst different advantages.

Related tonics have been utilized in conventional drugs previously. This one was developed and popularized within the late Seventies by Rosemary Gladstar, an herbalist and founding father of the California College of Natural Research.

Fireplace cider combines scorching, candy, pungent, and bitter tastes into one drink. The unique recipe requires:

  • recent garlic
  • recent ginger
  • horseradish
  • onions
  • cayenne pepper

It instructs you to soak these substances in apple cider vinegar for as much as 4 weeks, and add honey earlier than consuming.

You may as well buy premade variations of the cider from varied meals producers.

Gladstar additionally suggests including different crops to reinforce taste and goal extra well being illnesses. Examples embrace:

  • turmeric
  • rosehip
  • jalapenos
  • lemon
  • orange

It’s advisable that you just take 2–3 tablespoons (30–45 mL) of fireplace cider all through the day or one giant shot of 1.5 ounces (45 mL) day by day to assist your immune system. In case you’re not used to the sturdy taste, it’s possible you’ll need to dilute it with water.

Alternatively, you may add the tonic to different recipes, comparable to:

  • soups
  • sauces
  • marinades
  • meat dishes


Fireplace cider is made with apple cider vinegar, garlic, ginger, onions, cayenne pepper, horseradish, and honey. Proponents of the drink declare it may assist increase the immune system, forestall and deal with colds, and support in digestion, amongst different issues.

Although fireplace cider has many well being claims, there’s little analysis to again them up.

Immune well being and chilly prevention

The principle motive why individuals take fireplace cider is to assist a wholesome immune system.

Nonetheless, whereas proponents of the tonic declare that it may increase your immune system, this isn’t doable — and even fascinating. In actual fact, overactivity of the immune system is an indication of sickness moderately than optimum well being (1).

As a substitute, your focus needs to be on supporting a wholesome immune system by means of weight loss program and way of life (1, 2).

There’s at present no direct analysis on fireplace cider and its function in immune well being, though some analysis exists on particular substances used to make the beverage.

For instance, apple cider vinegar is acidic and has antibacterial properties, because it’s been proven to destroy micro organism in laboratory research and supply potential immune advantages in shrimp (3, 4, 5, 6).

Nonetheless, this doesn’t imply that apple cider vinegar will battle off micro organism or viruses that may trigger colds, flu, or different diseases within the human physique. In actual fact, there are not any human trials up to now on the topic (7).

Garlic is one other ingredient within the tonic. One 90-day examine in 120 wholesome individuals confirmed that taking 2.56 grams of aged garlic extract per day decreased the severity of self-reported chilly signs in contrast with a management. Nonetheless, it didn’t lower chilly frequency (8).

Equally, honey has antimicrobial properties and is usually used to deal with cough and chilly signs. Nonetheless, whereas it’s been proven to assuage the throat and probably cut back cough severity, it hasn’t been confirmed as an efficient treatment for stopping colds (9, 10, 11, 12).

Small, preliminary laboratory research have additionally proven that capsaicin — the principle bioactive part of cayenne pepper — might have antiviral and antibacterial properties that assist immune operate, though this hasn’t been demonstrated in human trials (13, 14, 15, 16).

Lastly, whereas horseradish and cayenne pepper are pungent and have anecdotally been mentioned to offer reduction for nasal and chest congestion, there’s no human analysis out there to assist these claims (17).

Total, there’s inadequate analysis to assist utilizing apple cider vinegar, garlic, ginger, horseradish, cayenne pepper, onions, or honey to forestall colds or enhance immune operate (9, 18).


Ginger has been proven to be a secure and efficient treatment for nausea, vomiting, and abdomen upset. It could additionally enhance gastric emptying — the speed at which meals leaves your abdomen — and intestinal motility. This, in flip, might assist relieve fullness and discomfort (19, 20, 21).

Apple cider vinegar hasn’t been proven to enhance digestion in human trials. Although it’s speculated that consuming the vinegar earlier than a meal will increase gastric acid and digestive enzyme manufacturing, there’s little analysis to assist this (22).

Quite the opposite, apple cider vinegar accommodates acetic acid, which can delay gastric emptying and improve emotions of fullness. This may increasingly doubtlessly result in undesirable unwanted side effects like bloating, fuel, and discomfort (23, 24).

There’s no analysis to assist that the opposite substances in fireplace cider might enhance digestion.

Different claims

Different potential advantages of the substances in fireplace cider embrace (25, 26, 27, 28, 29):

  • Garlic and cayenne pepper might assist coronary heart well being and enhance circulation.
  • Ginger, horseradish, garlic, cayenne pepper, and honey include antioxidants that assist general well being by preventing disease-causing free radicals.

Whereas some analysis helps well being advantages of those substances, no analysis instantly ties fireplace cider to improved well being. Additional, many research used excessive doses of the substances in complement type that wouldn’t be current in fireplace cider.

Lastly, because you eat the tonic after it’s been ready, it’s unknown if you’ll reap the identical advantages as for those who ate the substances entire. Finally, extra analysis is required.


Regardless of many well being claims, there may be little analysis supporting that fireplace cider improves immune well being or different illnesses.

Although there are not any inherent dangers related to taking fireplace cider, there are some potential unwanted side effects to concentrate on.

The tonic accommodates a excessive quantity of apple cider vinegar, which may degrade tooth enamel over time. Additional, as a result of the drink is very acidic, many individuals have reported a burning sensation after consuming it (30, 31).

To beat this, it’s greatest to dilute the beverage with heat or chilly water. For instance, strive including one shot of 1.5 ounces (45 mL) to at least one cup (236 mL) of heat water to make a soothing drink.

Additional, in case you have a historical past of acid reflux disease, indigestion, or gastroparesis — a situation that delays gastric emptying — it’s possible you’ll need to keep away from fireplace cider or dilute it with water earlier than consuming it (32, 33, 34).

Lastly, because of an absence of accessible analysis, those that have digestive or metabolic problems, are taking drugs, or are pregnant or breastfeeding ought to converse with their healthcare supplier earlier than attempting fireplace cider.


Little is thought concerning the unwanted side effects of taking fireplace cider, nevertheless it’s possible secure for most individuals. When you have any well being circumstances, are on drugs, or are pregnant or breastfeeding, speak together with your healthcare supplier first.

You should buy variations of the tonic or put together it your self at residence.

To make 4 cups (1,000 mL) of fireplace cider, you want:

  • 3 cups (710 mL) apple cider vinegar (5% or stronger)
  • 1/2 cup (56 grams) ginger, chopped
  • 1/2 cup (26 grams) onion, chopped
  • 1/4 cup (100 grams) horseradish, grated
  • 3 tablespoons (24 grams) garlic, chopped
  • 1/2 teaspoon (1 gram) cayenne pepper
  • 1/4 cup (85 grams) honey

Mix all substances aside from honey and apple cider vinegar in a big glass jar with a lid that holds a minimum of 4 cups (946 mL) of liquid. Subsequent, add apple cider vinegar in order that it utterly covers the opposite substances. Seal the jar tightly and shake effectively.

Retailer the jar in a cool, darkish place for 4 weeks, shaking it each day or so. After 4 weeks, place a big container beneath a strainer and pressure the liquid to take away all stable items. Then, add honey to the liquid till it reaches your most well-liked degree of sweetness.

Retailer the remaining liquid within the fridge. Although no expiry date is thought, it’s advisable that you just drink it inside 2–3 weeks.

Most proponents advocate that you just take one giant shot of 1.5 ounces (45 mL) day by day as a safety measure, both within the morning or at evening. You may as well add water to make a chilly or heat tea, add it to sauces or marinades, or use it as a salad dressing.


You should buy fireplace tonic in sure shops. Alternatively, make it at residence by following a easy recipe. Most advocates advocate taking one giant shot of 1.5 ounces (45 mL) day by day.

Fireplace cider is a spicy tonic promoted to:

  • assist immune well being
  • forestall and deal with chilly signs
  • enhance many different well being points

Nonetheless, regardless of these many claims, restricted proof helps utilizing its substances as a pure treatment in your immune system, and extra analysis is required.

There are not any clear advantages or downsides to consuming the tonic. You possibly can get pleasure from it as a drink or tea, or add it to recipes as a taste enhancer. By itself, although, its excessive acidity might irritate your mouth or throat, in addition to put on down tooth enamel over time.

If you wish to add some spice to your life, there’s possible no hurt in giving fireplace cider a strive.

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